Anal STIs may cause many symptoms and indications, including the following: Sores or blisters on the genitals or rectal area. Feeling of pain or burning during urination. Discharge from the penis. Unusual or foul-smelling vaginal discharge. vaginal bleeding; Feeling of pain during intercourse. Swollen and swollen lymph nodes, especially in the groin. lower abdominal pain fever. A rash appears on the trunk, hands, or feet.
- Causes and risk factors for anal STIs
In the following, we mention the causes and risk factors for contracting anal sexually transmitted diseases, as follows: 1. Causes of anal STIs Causes of anal STIs include: Bacteria: Bacteria can cause gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia. Parasites: Parasites can cause trichomoniasis. Viruses: Viruses can cause human papillomavirus, genital herpes, and HIV.
- Risk factors for anal STIs
Risk factors for anal STIs include: Unprotected intercourse, or improper or discontinuous use of condoms. Sexual contact with many partners, and the more people with whom sexual contact occurs, the greater the risk of infection. Previous infection with a sexually transmitted infection, as this facilitates infection with another type of infection. Forced sexual activity, or rape. Alcohol or substance abuse, as this helps you to engage in many dangerous behaviors. Age. Half of all new STIs occur in people ages 15 to 24.
- Complications of anal STIs
Important notes regarding the complications that anal STIs may cause are the following: It thins the anal lining, making it more prone to tearing. Frequent anal sex weakens the anal sphincter, making it difficult to hold stool until you can reach the toilet. Vaginal and urinary tract infections. Exposure to bleeding due to the formation of hemorrhoids or rupture, or as a result of a perforation in the colon. Anal sex increases the chance of an anal fissure forming in the tissues of the anus. Oral-anal contact can put both partners at risk of hepatitis, herpes, HPV, and other infections.
- Diagnosis of anal STIs
Important notes regarding the diagnosis of anal STIs include: The person’s sexual history must be known, and symptoms that may be caused by a sexual infection must be noted. In this case, the doctor will conduct a physical examination; To look for signs of infection, such as a rash, warts or discharge. Some tests and laboratory tests are needed to diagnose the condition well, such as the following: Blood tests: Blood tests can confirm the diagnosis of HIV infection or the later stages of syphilis.
Urine samples: This test can help diagnose sexually transmitted infections through a urine sample. Fluid samples: When there are open sores in the genitals, the doctor may conduct a fluid test to diagnose the type of infection.
- Treatment of anal STIs
Important notes regarding the treatment of anal STIs include the following: First, samples of blood, urine, or other fluids are taken and sent to a laboratory to check for an infection or sexually transmitted disease. Treatment for anal sex problems depends on the symptoms and diagnosis. Doctors usually suggest the following: Warm water baths. Topical anesthetic creams. High-fiber foods. STIs are treated with some antibiotics or some antiviral drugs depending on the infection.
- Prevention of anal STIs
Anal sexually transmitted diseases can be prevented through the following: Use a condom to protect against the spread of infection and disease. Clean the area well before having sex, using an enema, but you should check with your doctor to make sure you’re doing it safely. Change the condom before having vaginal sex. Use plenty of water-based lubricant to reduce the risk of tissue rupture. Consult a doctor immediately in the event of bleeding, ulcers, or lumps around the anus, or the discharge of secretions from it. Take preventive treatment if you are at high risk of contracting HIV. Clean the area with mild soap and water to help prevent infection.
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